The most proven and low-risk alternative is the standard (or late) implantation. The time of implantation is intentionally late: The jaw bone is granted complete healing and in addition, it is important to wait until the tooth socket is permeated with bone tissue again. It may take varying amounts of time for this process to be completed; as a general rule, a time frame anywhere between four weeks and six months is possible. However, this period may be prolonged in the case of extensive bone augmentation.
Upon completion of this healing period (which of course entails a change for the patient), conditions are good for a successful implantation devoid of complications in the long term. Constant checks during the healing period ensure that the time range does not end up being too long and the bone refrains from losing too much of its substance. The healing process can be bypassed by means of a provisional denture in order to facilitate the time up until the operation for the patient.
In case an implantation is actually performed, the gums are opened up under (local) anaesthesia and a cavity is created for the implant by means of a drill. A two-piece implant is advisable: Initially, the artificial tooth root is equipped with a protection cover. Following an additional healing period, the final denture is unscrewed. However, it is also possible to work with one-piece implants.
One-piece or multi-piece implants are employed. One-piece implants are equipped with the denture immediately and heal in openly. When using two-piece implants, the artificial tooth root is inserted into the bone and provisionally sealed by means of a protection cover. Subsequently to the healing period, the denture is unscrewed.